Essential to meaningful psychotherapeutic intervention in the life of another human being is an understanding of human nature. It is often outside of academic psychology that we find the deepest springs of insight.
In particular I value a massive three-volume work that I acquired when I lived in Germany during the 70s: Ernst Bloch’s Das Prinzip Hoffnung. On the face of it what this Marxist philosopher deals with is the utopian and social-revolutionary current running through history and culture. At its base, however, there is more. This is evident in the poetic and prophetic tone, especially of the opening passages.
Mankind begins empty, and is in restless pursuit of fulfilment. This is not so much Marx as Hegel. Our waking dreams are of improvement, of harmony, of a life worth living, of a home-coming to a society entirely humane: Heimat.
It is when this most basic desire is thwarted that humanity is bitterly disappointed in the world, and feeling rejected by it in turn spitefully rejects the world. Mankind is then ashamed of its own impotent being.